Frequently Asked Questions

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Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

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  • 25.07.2018.

What are dental implants and what are they made of?

The incorporation of inorganic substances into human tissue (implantation) is a very old procedure. 2500 years ago, the use of the surgical end was recorded and the replacement of the natural tooth with artificial is described as the oldest method of replacing human tissues with artificial materials. It was precisely the dentist who was the first to try to replace the natural tooth root with the artificial. For this purpose, various materials (ivory, plastics, porcelain, stainless steel and in the modern times titanium as well as its alloys) were used. For the sake of its endurance, proven biocompatibility, titanium and its alloy are mostly used today, from which all implants that can be found on the world market today are made of. They differ only in design and form depending on the manufacturer.


How is the process of implanting dental implants done?

The implantation of the dental implant is in the highest percentage performed in local anesthesia. The surgical procedure must be carried out very gently, ie completely attractively, the instrument, as well as all the necessary materials, must be sterile and correspond to strict precision requirements, and the complete surgical procedure is performed according to the strict asepse criteria. If implant installation is carried out under such criteria, a solid structure and a functional bond between biological and non-biological materials (implants) can be created and maintained. The surgical procedure is performed in two phases - a two-phase method. The first phase of implantation is the implant implant itself, and the second phase is the opening of the implants, followed by a prosthetic upgrade - functional rehabilitation. The period of healing - the implantation of the implants for the surrounding bone structure (oseointegration) is usually 4-6 months for the lower fork and for the upper jaw 6-8 months. During this period, patients are using their adapted old prostheses or a temporary prosthetic replacement is done. For a good implantological work, close cooperation is needed between: oral surgeon (implantologist), prosthetist, dental technician and instrumentalist nurse.   

To improve the chewing function or to restore it, we have various options: Making standard dental restorations (bridges and prostheses) or installing artificial tooth root (implant, which is later attached to the crown or prosthesis. Implant is recommended as a replacement for one tooth to avoid grinding the adjacent In the case of unilateral coldness, two or more implants are usually installed for the replacement of one or more teeth, as an anchor for partial or total prosthesis, as an additional carrier in the middle of the bridge when there is a wide range between natural teeth. Many patients who want to implant the implant, after a detailed clinical examination, measurement and analysis of RTG recordings, experience a great deal of disappointment when the dentist tells them that they are not suitable for implantation. The forks (upper and lower) must have sufficient quality bone in the vertical and horizontal dimension. Big problem for implantologist, in the upper jaw, are the sinus and nasal cavity, and in the lower jaw, the jaw channel through which the neurovascular beam passes, the donor nerve, arteries and veins. In the course of implantation, the physiological structures can be damaged and therefore the failure of implantation can occur.


What are the conditions in which implantation is not recommended, for example in case of infection and disease of dental meat?

As there are indications for insertion of implants, there are also contraindications or adverse conditions in which implantation is not recommended. Among others, acute inflammatory diseases and infections on soft tissues (dental meat) are a contraindication to implant implantation. In order to better inform your auditorium, we present some other conditions in which implants can not be implanted: insufficient interstitial space, pathological processes on jaw bone, radiation therapy in the jaw area, pathological changes in oral mucous membranes (hypertrophy, hyperplasia, fibromatosis, etc.), smoking over 20 cigarettes daily, there are also contraindications in systemic disorders - disorder of metabolism, hematologic diseases, cardiac and circulatory diseases. Endocrine disorders, physical and psychological stressful situations, and patient's unwillingness to maintain strict oral hygiene, and this is concluded by the dentist on the basis of a clinical examination and the condition of the remaining natural teeth.


Why choose a dental implant?

Dental implant should be recommended to patients:

  • in which classical dentures are unable to maintain the minimum chewing function necessary to maintain physical and mental health
  • in which fixed works (bridges) are very important in relation to their profession (singers, actors, public speakers, musicians who play wind instruments as well as in patients who are unable to adapt to the wearing of the classic prosthesis, and especially those with bottomless fork in advanced atrophy alveolar ridge)
  • who want a more comfortable and pleasant life because teeth, apart from aesthetics and phonation, have a significant function in chewing foods, which is far more comfortable with implants.


How often is it recommended to visit a dentist at an annual level?

As a preventive measure for all patients, it is recommended to visit the dentist at least twice a year, where every visit is done in detail, removal of soft and hard deposits by an ultrasound calculator, and teeth polished with professional pastes. Topical coating with fluorine preparations that provide protection against caries for 6 months is also recommended.


When is the right time totake your child for the first time to a dentist?

The usual practice, as well as the recommendations of the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pedodontics, say that the first visit to the dentist should be followed after the first teeth come out, and at the latest six months later. This means, on average, the completion of the first year of the child's life.

We stop talking about the first visit to the dentist until the third year of life. Everything later is totally inappropriate today.

The first visit to the dentist for a child must pass leisurely, in the game and to familiarize a small patient with a dental office environment.

A child needs to get to know a therapist, in some way accept white coat, dental instrument, reflector, etc. On the first visit, nothing is done, and the child should feel the prudence of the pedodont, and happily and without any bad experience, go home. Such an approach breaks the fear, that is, no prejudice is created about the possible unpleasant experience of the dental office.

The second, also important, part of the first visit refers to parents.

In talking with parents, a doctor comes up with important anamnestic data.

It's important to find out if a child suffers from any systemic illness (alargi, diabetes, anemia ...), whether there are any unsuitable habits (fingertip, night feeding with a bottle, etc.).

The educational part of the conversation goes in the direction of the importance and way of preventing dental malfunction and other diseases of the oral cavity.

The parent receives important information on the correct diet, the method of washing, on fluoride preparations for teeth coating, on the use of other means of maintaining oral hygiene as a basic presupposition for caries prevention. The parent should also explain the importance of regular three-month dental control, which enables timely diagnosis and therapy of all pathological findings in the oral cavity.

Following these facts, it is clear that this approach in many ways eliminates discomfort, which can cause a visit to the dentist if it is delayed. With care and conscience, parents with the help of dentists and preventive procedures, at home and at the office, will do a great service to their child.


Is it necessary to repair milk teeth?

There is no difference, or it should not be, in the importance of the remediation of dairy and permanent teeth. The dairy tooth as a chewing unit has the same function as a permanent tooth. Therefore, his temporality in the child's mouth must not disrupt importance of a such tooth. In addition to ensuring normal chewing function, milk teeth are important stimulators for normal growth and development of forks. They also strongly influence the emergence of permanent heirs.

By keeping milk teeth there is a normal growth and development of forks, and there is no possibility of reducing space for permanent teeth. In the case of premature loss of milk teeth, there is a consequence of permanent dentition and orthodontic anomalies that again require treatment. It would be best if the child had no caries. But if it is unavoidable, it is necessary to approach his rehabilitation. It is important that the child has good relation and confidence in the therapist. When caries is detected and sanitized in the initial phase, the entire procedure is easier for both the patient and the therapist. Such conditions can be easily achieved through regular quarterly controls and preventative procedures at home and by your dentist.


What are the benefits of zirconium oxide ceramics and why choose these crochets?

The advantage of zirconium oxide ceramics is reflected in the following:

  • Superior aesthetics
  • Natural look of crowns
  • Exceptional strength and durability
  • Biocompatibility
  • There is no discolouration of gingiva and sagging as in metal ceramics

Another advantage of zirconium oxide ceramics is that these works are very precise, especially if they use CAD / CAM technology (Computer Aided Manufacturing), which means that the modeling of crowns or bridges is done softly on a virtual model, so that the possibility of an error has been minimized.

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